male: The head, neck, and upper back are a rich vinaceous
brown. The throat is light brown. The back, too, is
vinaceous brown but with many emerald-green feathers
and there is a distinct pure white patch on the shoulder.
The breast is brown with some vinaceous color but
duller than the back. The lower breast and abdomen
are brown.The rump is greyish-black with two prominent
grey transverse bars. The upper side of the tail is
black. The scapulars and inner wing coverts are bright
iridescent green. The primaries and secondaries are
grey-brown, some with a chestnut inner edge. The under-side
of the wing is chestnut. The under-side of the tail
is grey. The iris is drak brown and the bill is red
with a darker base. The legs and feet are a dull red-brown.
female: The females differs from the male in the following
ways: The head, neck, and the upper back lack the
vinaceous color and are a dull brown. The transverse
bars on the lower back of the famle are less distinct
and the rump is brown instead of black. The upper
side of the tail is brown. The white shoulder patch
of the male is replaced with an indistinct grey mark
ion the female. The upper side generally is the same
as for the male but is duller. The head, neck, and
back lack the vinaceous color and are dull brown.
The upper side of the tail is brown. The feathers
are fringed with black. The iris is drak brown and
the bill is orange-yellow. The legs and feet are red.
The head, neck and upper back are brown and the throat
is light brown. The mantle, scapulars, and inner-wing
coverts are chestnut-brown, crossed by broad black
bars. Very few feathers are green. The primaries and
secondaries are dark-brown. The breast is chestnut-brown
with closely spaced black bars. The abdomen is the
same as the chest but the bars are less distinct.
The under-tail and tail are dark brown-black. The
iris is brown and the bill is horn-colored. The legs
and feet are dark grey with a pink tinge.
i. indica, C. i. robinsoni, C. i. maxima, C. i. natalis,
C. i. sanghirensis, C. i. minima, C. i. timorensis,
C. i. longirostris, C. i. chrysochlora, C. i. sandwichensis